Pottery in our own Peninsula
The oldest ceramic art was pottery objects i.e. materials created with clay. The word “ceramics” comes from the Greek word “keramikos” that means “pottery”. Pottery has become a valuable supply of information particularly since the opposite kinds of communication like wall paintings, woodwork, etc have succumbed to the weather conditions. Pottery found its way in India from the Indus valley civilization. Being an agricultural country, pottery here started as a necessity. There have been several tiny cultures like the Ochre coloured pottery culture, Rangpur culture, Black and red ware culture, etc that have used pottery to depict their traditions and cultures.
In the early stages of pottery Indians restricted themselves to the straightforward basic form of pottery creating, however as time passed these designs evolved into the four main styles:
Also referred to as the oldest form of pottery in India. It’s 3 subtypes are:
-Paper Thin pottery, where the pots are biscuit-coloured and decorated with incised patterns.
-Scraffito technique where the pots are painted with red and white slips making patterns.
-Polished pottery, here the pots are very strong and deeply incised and decorated with arabesque patterns.
This began within the twelfth century AD and is currently experienced solely in few regions of the country. It was introduced to India by the Arab culture. Here the pots contain a white background with blue and green patterns.
Terracotta refers to a type of brownish red colour unglazed clay. Indian sculpture had used this since long back. Terracotta permits massive life-size figures to be created. The terracotta sculpture continues to be smartly fashionable like the Bankura horses. it was used by women to prepare clay figures of their gods and goddesses to be placed in temples and places of worship. Orissa is called as the brand ambassador of Terracotta handicrafts.
Papier Mache was originally fancied in China. In the year 1398 when the son of Sultan Sikander along with his Central Asia and Persian companions were held captive by Tamur Lane. It was here that the Prince noticed how mashed paper pulp along with copper sulphate and rice flour paste created art. This young aristocrat later helped this kind of pottery evolve by introducing it to his craftsmen back at home. The recognizable attribute of papier mache is that it continuously encompasses a tint of golden colour depicting its real Persian roots.
Today Indian pottery comes in several shapes and patterns. It’s left such a mark that ceramic artists round the world are trying to adapt the Indian form of pottery. Pottery isn’t only one of the most stunning form of art but also one of the most useful art and crafts Indian pottery has always been different and exquisite. Today pottery classes are being offered in schools as an educational activity to show students the essence of this dateless and wealthy heritage design.